Since ancient times, Jasmine is known as “Queen of flowers,” Belle of India, Queen of Fragrance (known for refreshing & soothing fragrance). These are widely cultivated for their characteristic fragrance. In India, it is called by different names like Mogra, Motia, Chameli, Jatti, Mallige.
Jasmine plants are evergreen or deciduous. The flowers are around 2.5cm in diameter, and they are white and yellow in color. Sometimes they are also found in a red color.
How to grow Jasmine?
Jasmine needs sufficient sunlight and water. It also requires ample amount of nutrition for good blooming and flowering growth. Following are the key parameters for growing Jasmine:
- Planting: June to November.
- Soil: well-drained loamy or red loamy, fertile soil.
- Propagation: semi-hardwood cuttings (15-20 cm long).
- Spacing: 1.2 × 1.0 meters.
- Nutrient ratio: NPK – 1:2:2.
- Irrigation: Weekly, depending upon weather condition.
- Other operations: Tinting (it is a technique for making coloring of flowers).
- Harvesting: flowering commences from March. Fully developed unopened flower buds should be harvested in the early morning.
- In food, it is used in flavoring the beverages, frozen dairy desserts, baked products, etc.
- Essential oil extracted from Jasmine is used for the preparation of perfumes, hair oils & attar.
- The flowers are used in rituals like religious, marriage ceremonies and festivals.
- It boosts immunity & fights against fever (this is because of the active compounds present in jasmine).
- Jasmine tea treats stress (used in the treatment of anxiety, stress, sunstroke and other infection).
- Cures oral problems (treatment of mouth diseases, apart from this used in the treatment of headaches and skin rashes.
- A very important use of this is in aromatherapy (induces a feeling of positivity in the human mind).
An insect pest attack in the jasmine crop can cause considerable damage. Among them, important are budworm, leaf-Webber, blossom midge & mites. Among them, budworm is known to poses a serious threat to flower production. The budworm larvae usually feed on the bud where they bore holes. At later stages, they feed on innermost petals. Thus, affecting the flower buds & flower openings.
Control: Spray Neem oil. (2 ml neem oil in 1 litre of water)
The very presence of a flowering fragrant plant like this will brighten the senses and induce a calm and positive feeling for those around it. Nature, in so many ways, tries its best to assist us by helping us reduce our stress and increase positivity. If only we spare a little time and thought… for what Nature does for us, we cannot but be grateful!
So, get started and indulge your senses in something soothing and beautiful.
Preethi completed her B. Sc. from College of Horticulture, Mysore and M. Sc. from College of Horticulture, Bengaluru. She is an avid gardener with expertise across soil based and soilless gardening techniques using substrates.